Many fatal illnesses cause similar symptoms, including pain, shortness of breath, digestive problems, incontinence, skin breakdown, and fatigue. Depression, anxiety, confusion, unconsciousness, and disability may also occur. Symptoms can usually be anticipated and treated. Most people fear pain as they confront dying. However, nearly all people can be comfortable, and most can also remain awake and involved in the world. However, aggressive pain therapy may sometimes unavoidably cause sedation
or confusion. The doctor’s choice of pain reliever (analgesic) depends largely on the intensity of the pain and its cause, which the doctor determines by talking with and observing the person. Aspirin, acetaminophen, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in relieving mild pain. However, many people need more powerful pain relievers such as opioids to treat moderate to severe pain. Opioids given by mouth, such as oxycodone, hydromorphone, morphine, and methadone, or under
the tongue, such as fentanyl, can relieve pain conveniently and effectively for many hours.
Dr. Aaradhana Salpekar is the Professor and Head of Sikkim Manipal University New Delhi Centre offering Master of Science Degree in Ecology and Environment, Disaster Mitigation, Sustainable Development, Eco-Tourism, Geo-Informatics and Total Quality Management. She has organised many Congresses and Conventions like EcoRevival Summit 1998, Peace, Mercy and Tolerance Summit 2001 and World Disaster
Education Congress 2003.